NAVARASAM (Facial Expressions)

A highly stylized technique in the invocation of bhava has been developed in Kathakali. This is called Rasaabhinaya. Indian dramatic theory explain 9 kinds of basic expressions(Navarasam)

 

MUDRAS (Hand Gestures)

The communication among the characters and to the audience, is through an intricate language of hand gestures, used in combination with facial expression and body movements. Kathakali follows the language of Mudras, as described in "Hasthalakshana Deepika".

Sringara-LovePathaaka
Sringara-LoveMudrakyam
Sringara-LoveKataka
Sringara-LoveMushti
Sringara-LoveKartharee Mukham
Sringara-LoveSukhathundam
Sringara-LoveKapithakam
Sringara-LoveHamsapaksham
Sringara-LoveSikharam
Sringara-LoveHamsasyam
Sringara-LoveAnjali
Sringara-LoveArdhachandram
Sringara-LoveMukuram
Sringara-LoveBrahmaram
Sringara-LoveSoochimukham
Sringara-LovePallavam
Sringara-LoveThripathaaka
Sringara-LoveMrigaseersham
Sringara-LoveSarpasirassu
Sringara-LoveVardhamanakam
Sringara-LoveAraalam
Sringara-LoveOornanabham
Sringara-LoveMukulam
Sringara-LoveKatakaamukham

VEDIC MUDRAS (VEDIC Gestures)

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The Vedas Are books of knowledge and known as Sruthi, ‘meaning that which is heard’, because they contain truths which were not fabricated but were ‘heard’ or discovered by great Rishis. Very little is known about these great seers who composed them.
“Mudras” are the base of all Vedic rituals. There are four types of Abhinaya - Sathwika, Vachika, Aharya, and Angika. A Natyam which has got four types of Abhinaya is considered as Yajna. All Vedas are related to Yajna.
While performing the Tantric Rituals , various types of sounds formulate Sathwika Bhava. Chanting Manthra itself is Vachikabhinaya. The preparations for the Yajna are done in an orthodox manner, wearing the cloth in a particular manner , wearing the Uthareeyam on the head , marking sandal wood on forehead, etc….these are considered as Aharabhinaya. The mudras in Poojas are Angikabhinaya.

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